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F the Middle East and North "Africa during this period but Morgan s book oes much to far in declaring Islam the "during this period but Morgan s book You Owe Me One goes much to far in declaring Islam the for scientific innovation or at least therease in the axle A better reading is that Islam was not an impediment to science and math and that the expansion of the Islamic empire happened to draw an artificial boundary that roped in the scientific achievements of an area of the world that in a fortunate accident for Muslim expansion happened to be at its intellectual apogee and its military perigee A fascinating read of the lost history of Muslim scientists thinkers and artists had and influenced on the world A very small minority were over looked in Europe for the longest time perhaps not coming to light until this book All the things we take for Debbie Browns Dream Wedding Cakes granted be it time pieces irrigation operations diagnosis numerals and so many things that we believed to have been around for hundreds of years and never asked who was the person behind that invention or observation What lead that person to come to this conclusion and where would we be without it Certainly in some schools somewhere at alance will highlight these people likely by their Latin name only but here Second Son (Jack Reacher, goes into some depth Not very much as there is muchround to cover so many people and so much time Here is a very United States of Americana good look at the lives of these men and women that shaped their world and ours that will last far into the future even if the vast majority don t know their names and their stories Loved it This wonderful book is full of history long forgotten illuminating an age of enlightened thinking and discovery for the Muslim empire that once spanned from Spain North Africa throughout the Middle East India and to China During this time of than 1000 years there were centers devoted to learning and reason and in thereat city centers Muslims Jews Christians and other religions lived and worked side by side An age where reason and education were valued it The Thermals of August gave birth to a flowering of Mathematics science medicine astronomy philosophy as well as civic planners architects artists and poets Much of the European enlightenment can be attributed to the foundation laid by these early scholars and scientists Universities teaching hospitals observatories centers devoted to theathering of wisdom from any and all sources Algebra trigonometry algorithms and all find their roots in Muslim Mathematicssome of which had it s roots from an earlier mathematician in India The book is rich with lost history and lessons for our current time Perhaps the Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire - The Sunday Times Bestseller golden age had its demise with the devastation from waves of European crusaders that chose to conuer and separate and destroy rather than assimilate the riches of the conuered culture Even the Mongol hordes knew of the value the intellectual riches of conuered nations that once conuered they assimilated the highest and best of the culture One of the best books I ever read and Iot it by coincidence Whats so reat about this book is that it speaks fairly from multiple points of view it s not defensive or biased And the fact that I don t agree with every single point in it is indicative enough It illuminates some historical occurrences that s almost forgotten or neglected or even deliberately ignored It has a way of linking the past and present that makes me wish I had a time machine to visit those timesThe book h Lost History provides that broken link between the ancient Greek civilization and the Renaissance movement in Europe When Europe was shrouded in the Dark Ages Muslim scientists and thinkers took up the mantle and produced extraordinary works in

The Fields Of Philosophy 
fields of philosophy mathematics music arts logic theology and architecture The Muslim cities in Spain under the Ummayads were the most advanced in Europe with auifers bringing water from distance paved streets and properly planned cities It provides an alternative viewpoint compared to popular narrative of the clash of civilizations I didn t find Morgan s thesis particularly insightful in fact I found the work hardly academic although I understand that it is perhaps aimed at a reader particularly biased due to prevailing Islamophobic discourse There are literally no references to support most of the facts presented in the book and I found the fictitious setting in the start of each chapter totally unnecessary and making the discourse long winded and unilluminating In my opinion comparatively interesting and well written chapters are on Muslim contributions to mathematics and. Gures who revolutionized the mathematics astronomy and medicine of their time and paved the way for Newton Copernicus and many others And he reminds us that inspired leaders from Muhammad to Suleiman the Magnificent and beyond championed religious tolerance encouraged intellectual inuiry and sponsored artistic architectural and literary works that still dazzle us with their brilliance Lost History finally affords pioneering leaders with the proper credit and respect they so richly deserve. Lost History The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Scientists Thinkers and ArtistsTition which slowed down the reading for me but other than that a deeply engrossing read that I would recommend to anyone D There are significant problems with the historical reading of Muslim intellectual contributions in this book The arguments Morgan makes are interesting but overall Morgan builds his arguments on useful but muddle headed illusions that allow him to attribute OWNERSHIP OF INTELLECTUAL IDEAS LIKE A PATENT LAWYER WOULD of intellectual ideas like a patent lawyer would intellectual property rights It might be useful and lucrative to hold the patent on the electric light bulb but only in a very weak sense can it be said that this is "a results of American culture without neglecting a reat deal of intellectual antecedents "results of American culture without neglecting a Lost Horizon great deal of intellectual antecedents had nothing to do with America Yet Morgan frames his arguments in this fashionOne interesting aspect of this book that sets it apart from other works like Menocal s excellent Ornament of the World is that Morgan attempts to build the argument that Islam as a set of religious values is not antithetical to scientific progress That s a very timely point and one that has not received a fair hearingHowever Morgan tries to demonstrate this point through some references to the Koran and through the weight of so many examples of science flourishing within Islam that Islam encourages innovation and learning particularly from other cultures The latter makes some sense but makes for a boring overview of famous Muslims many of which are not Muslim at all as Morgan admits As for the argument from Koranic uotes I think it is arave mistake to take uotes from holy books as evidence of religious culture and values as they are lived by followers of the religion So at best Morgan can only True Prosperity go as far as to say that there is no explicit exclusion of learning within the text of the KoranIt s aood point actually If Islam has a reputation for intellectual conservatism it only deserves this reputation in regards to religious innovations not scientific ones In fact innovation has a distinctly negative connotation in the theology of Islam particularly among the Sunnah This theological conservatism may be a reflection of the Islamic concept that Mohammed put the icing on the cake of prophecy having revealed the final and unalterable word through his recitation the Koran This conservatism is so strong that even translations of the Koran into other languages or dialects including the updated written Arabic form taught in schools of the Arabic speaking world is considered to change the meaning too much to reflect the true revelationHowever the notion of innovation features mainly in the power struggles and in real theological debate and does not cross over into the realm of science Religious innovation remains a point of inflexibility among sects such as the followers of Wahabism and those who have used these fundamentalists to bolster their power chief among them the powerful Saudi royal family The Saudi connection just illuminates the sciencereligion dichotomy even as the two major outreach projects of the Saudi family are 1 its building of extravagant Mosues throughout the Muslim world and 2 its rich investment in its educational and scientific research infrastructure with the latter being a recent development and so much less developed at the moment So here you have a single cultural entity that both encourages science and an inflexible reading of the KoranOutlining the very complex relationship between science and Islam is a strong point of Morgan s book and I wish he had expounded up on it to a reater extent Instead what he has done is reworked the same set of myths about science that are so common in culturally centered treatises And there are really two main fallacies in this approach First that a culture can take credit for an innovation like the concept of zero or algebra which could not have discovered or would have just as soon been forgotten were it not for ideas from other cultures upon which it was founded and because of which the concept itself became valuable Second that it was a particular culture or religious tradition that was responsible for the discovery or development of that idea In fact there are many examples in this book of Persians and Jews who made their discoveries within Islamic ruled countries How can these discoveries be attributed to Islam Jews are their discoveries within Islamic ruled countries How can these discoveries be attributed to Islam Jews are Muslims and Persian culture was uite different and Persian science and math was much developed than what erupted out of the Persian Gulf around 700 ADI admit to a certain romantic view Into Islam's historic achievements but also the ancient resentments that fuel today's bitter conflictsMichael Hamilton Morgan reveals how early Muslim advancements in science and culture lay the cornerstones of the European Renaissance the Enlightenment and modern Western society As he chronicles the Golden Ages of Islam beginning in 570 ad with the birth of Muhammad and resonating today he introduces scholars like Ibn Al Haytham Ibn Sina Al Tusi Al Khwarizmi and Omar Khayyam towering fi. ,
This book published by the National Geographic Society and distributed by Random House is very ood at de mystifying Islam for the layman The prose flows uickly covering a lot of round making this a uick read I particularly enjoyed the diachronic approach explaining how present day Muslims in Ira Iran Lebanon etc or present day Europeans in formerly Muslim controlled Spain Sicily etc may themselves have forgotten the history behind their everyday surroundings how the texture of their reality was formed by previous history This approach makes each chapter accessible to the Western reader placing present day reality and conflicts in the context of the bygone history of Islam Along the way the author introduces concepts which occur freuently in the ur an such as ilm knowledge and al reason human intelligence wisdom and ijma in spiritual matters the voice of the people making decisions by consensus which is supposed to matter than the views of a caliph "HAMITON MORGAN ALSO INTRODUCES MUTAZILITES OR CONSERVATIVES AT THE "Morgan also introduces Mutazilites or conservatives at the of al Mamun s caliphate who were instrumental in shaping an Islamic ideal in which the caliph does not inherit or seize power but is elected by the faithful this elected caliph is then expected to re create the kind of society that the Prophet really intended cp mutakallimun theological scholars who turn to ancient philosophy to articulate and strengthen their ideas attracted by the rigors of Greek logic I particularly enjoyed Chapter 2 Lost Cities of Genius I m afraid we have to add Baghdad post 2003 invasionlooting to the list of Lost Cities For the plundering and destruction of contemporary Baghdad including the wholesale theft of the main list of Lost Cities For the plundering and destruction of contemporary Baghdad including the wholesale theft of the main housing Irai cultural heritage war crimes that occurred during the initial invasion and early days of the American occupation of Ira under Bremer s incompetent oversight I recommend the film No End in Sight 2007 documentary For a preview o to or Meanwhile this book shies away from any partisan condemnation that is the mess created by the US in Ira The book s author is head of New Foundations for Peace For details Search Marketing Strategies go to His book is clearly an attempt at cross cultural discussion and is explicitly meant as a refutation of the misbegotten idea that there is no commonround between the Mid East and Western traditions There s plenty of common No Capital Required ground when you consider theenius innovativeness and religious tolerance for which the Muslim cultures are known at least among historians If you re a neo con crazy to use a common euphemism for in clear English a fascist or if you re keen on Armageddon scenarios in the Mid East you need to have read this book yesterday and mend your ways For one you need to realize that Jerusalem is just as sacred to Islam as it is to Christianity and Judaism The last thing any Muslim wants to see is for any harm to come to Jerusalem This book influenced me in so many different ways I learned so much about Islamic history that I knew nothing about and it opened up my mind to just how advanced technology and science was I read it in Arabic but I still enjoyed it a lot especially since many of the names and titles that were mentioned were familiar words in Arabic to me This book made me feel surprised happy astonished proud and a little sad It s sad to me that such rich history is forgotten and it angers me when Muslims are thought of as insignificant when so many of their discoveries and inventions are still being used to this day by individuals all over the lobe It shouldn t be that surprising that international books don t mention the contribution of Muslims in history but why don t our own books teach us that in school Who are we if we don t learn our own past It is indeed lost history This book was a present from my oldest brother and it has been waiting to be read for uite some time but for some reason I kept postponing it possibly because I am so used to fiction that non fiction "Was A Bit Daunting "a bit daunting I realise that it was ood that I read it now because I think when I was younger I wouldn t really have been as engrossed as I was now This book enlightened me on so many things that I had a vague idea about but not to the extent that I know now I was reading this book at times knowing what I was reading and then being hit suddenly by a fact that I had no idea about This book kept fascinating me until the end and the amount of times I exclaimed oh really is inumerable As interesting as it was there were instances when there seemed to be a bit of repe. In an era when the relationship between Islam and the West seems mainly defined by mistrust and misunderstanding we often forget that for centuries Muslim civilization was the envy of the world Essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the major role played by the early Muslim world in influencing modern society Lost History fills an important void Written by an award winning author and former diplomat with extensive experience in the Muslim world it provides new insight not only.

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